On Demand Examination (both for Existing learner and New Learner)
National Institute of Open Schooling has been working on the
concept of On-Demand Examination (ODE) at Secondary Level since
2003 in the area of its feasibility and operationalisation. The
novel concept of ODE is a great step in the direction of
flexibility to the open and distance learning. This will make the
total system of examination independent of the time frame and will
help the student to take up the examinations as per their wish and
preparation. The basic concept of On Demand Examination is that
NIOS Student can walk into the examination center as and when
he/she feel ready for the examination. NIOS re-introduced the ODES
at Secondary level in 2005. With the success of ODE at Secondary
level, NIOS started the On-Demand Examination in Sr.Secondary also
from October 2007. At present, ODES is being conducted at NIOS HQ
at NOIDA and at its Regional Centres/Sub Centres of NIOS in the
following subjects at Secondary and Sr.Secondary level.
- Secondary : Hindi (201), English (202),
Sanskrit (209), Mathematics (211), Science & Technology (212),
Social Science (213), Economics 214), Business studies (215), Home
Science (216), Data Entry Operations (229), Psychology (222),
Indian Culture & Heritage (223) & Painting (225).
- Sr. Seconadry : Hindi (301), English (302),
Sanskrit (309), Mathematics (311), Physics (312), Chemistry (313),
Biology (314), History (315), Geography (316), Political Sc. (317),
Economics (318), Business Studies (319), Accountancy (320), Home
Science (321), Psychology (328) ,Sociology (331), Painting
(332),Environmental Science (333), Data entry Operations (336) and
Introduction to Law (338).
- Medium of Question Paper : The Question Paper
will be in English and Hindi Medium Only, However the Regional
Medium Candidates want to appear through the On Demand Examination
will have a choice of Answering the Question Paper in the
respective Regional Medium and no Regional Medium Question Paper
will be provided in On Demand Examination.
A set of Question Paper is generated randomly by the computer
out of already developed Question Bank based on the blue print and
paper design of the subject as and when demanded. All such
generated Question Papers are different with same difficulty level.
For this a huge database of items based on the blue print and
question paper design has been developed A number of items having
comparable difficulty level are developed for each activated/marked
cells of the blue print. These questions covered in the item bank
test learning objectives under knowledge, understanding,
application and skill competencies of a Student. For
identification, all these items are given a code indicating the
subject, the content area to which the item belong, the objective
being tested, the type of question, the marks allocated to the item
and the serial number of the item.
The advantages of ODES can be stated as follows:
- Allows the Student to get assessed when he/ she is ready.
Readiness depends on the Student and not on the institution.
- Attempts to remove the stress of appearing in examination(s),
whether for all subjects or in one subject at a fixed time and
- Attempts to remove the threat of failure in examination.
- Removes frustration, loss of self esteem, peer group ridicule,
- Knowledge of results is almost immediate and success, even in
one subject, is a strong motivating factor.
- Degree and level of performance is decided by the Student who
can reappear in the examination as many times as one wants, till
- # Malpractices will be reduced, as it is a system where the
tools for evaluation are unique to an individual Student. Every
question paper for each Student is different having comparable
- Respects the individuality and sovereignty of each